Glossary

GLOSSARY - LETTER R


Rate

The cost of a given unit of insurance. For example, in Ordinary Life Insurance, it is the price of $1,000 of the face amount. In Disability Income Insurance, it is usually the price per $10 or per $100 of monthly benefits. In Property Insurance, it is the rate per $100 of value to be insured. The premium, then, is the rate multiplied by the number of units of insurance purchased.


Rating Bureau

A private organization that classifies and promulgates manual rates and in some cases compiles data and measures the hazards of individual risks in terms of rates in geographic areas, the latter being true especially in connection with Property Insurance.


Rebate

A portion of the agent's commission returned to an insured or anything else of value given an insured as an inducement to buy. The payment of policy dividends, retroactive rate adjustments, and reduced premiums that reflect the savings of direct payment to an agent or home office are not usually considered to be rebates. In most cases rebates are illegal, both for the agent or insurer to give a rebate and for an insured to receive one.


Reinstatement Clause

When the amount of reinsurance coverage provided under a treaty is reduced by the payment of a reinsurance loss as the result of one catastrophe, the reinsurance cover is automatically reinstated usually by the payment of a reinstatement premium.


Reinstatement Premium

A pro rata reinsurance premium is charged for the reinstatement of the amount of reinsurance coverage that was reduced as the result of a reinsurance loss payment under a catastrophe cover.


Reinsurance

The practice whereby one party called the Reinsurer in consideration of a premium paid to him agrees to indemnify another party, called the Reinsured, for part or all of the liability assumed by the latter party under a policy or policies of insurance which it has issued. The reinsured may be referred to as the Original or Primary Insurer, or Direct Writing Company, or the Ceding Company.


Reinsurer

An insurer or reinsurer assuming the risk of another under contract.


Renewal

The reestablishment of the in-force status of a policy, the term of which has expired or will expire unless it is renewed.


Renewal Certificate

A short form certificate which is used to renew a policy. It refers to the original policy, keeping all of its provisions, but does not restate all of its insuring agreements, exclusions, and conditions.


Renewal Commission

A commission paid on premiums subsequent to the first-year commission.


Renewals

The premiums paid for renewed policies. The commissions paid on renewal premiums.


Replacement

A new policy written to take the place of one currently in force.


Representative

An agent or sales person.


Rescission

Repudiation of a contract. A party whose consent to a contract was induced by fraud, misrepresentation or duress may repudiate it. A contract may also be repudiated for failure to perform a duty. The termination of an insurance contract by the insurer when material misrepresentation has occurred.


Reserve

An amount representing actual or potential liabilities kept by an insurer to cover debts to policyholders. An amount allocated for a special purpose. Note that a reserve is usually a liability and not an extra fund. On occasion a reserve may be an asset, such as a reserve for taxes not yet due.


Retention

The net amount of risk which the ceding company or the reinsurer keeps for its own account or that of specified others.


Risks

A term used to denote the physical units of property at risk or the object of insurance protection and not Perils or Hazard. Reinsurance by tradition permits each insurance company to frame its own rules for defining units of Risks. The word is also defined as chance of loss or uncertainty of loss.